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GEO-6 Chapter 14: Oceans and Coastal Policy

04 Mar 2019

The impacts of human activities on the oceans have serious social and economic implications, which directly and indirectly affect human health and well-being. As noted in chapter 7 of this report, impacts of great concern include those associated with climate change, pollution and overfishing. Coral bleaching is perhaps one of the most dramatic and immediate impacts of climate change on oceans in recent years; marine litter and plastic pollution are rising to the forefront of pollution issues; and the depletion of fish stocks from overfishing remains critical. Drawing on selected policy typologies and related case studies, this chapter examines key approaches and instruments employed in response to these issues. In addition, case studies are used to illustrate responses in different governance (subnational, regional and global) and geographical contexts, and highlight challenges and opportunities for policy design and implementation.This chapter also provides valuable insights into the effectiveness of policies at regional and global levels by drawing on selected policy-sensitive indicators, such as the coverage of marine protected areas, beach litter assessment and representation of vulnerable marine ecosystems in regional fisheries management organizations.

Status: Completed

Type: Staff Publications

Author: Diana Mangalagiu, Elaine Baker, Pedro Fidelman, Leandra Regina Gonçalves, Peter Harris, James Hollway, Rakhyun E. Kim, Jake Rice

Year of publication: 2019

Publisher: UNEP

Place of publication: Nairobi, Kenya

Tags: climate change coastal ecosystems GEO marine environment marine litter oceans oceans and fisheries waste and material resources

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